2012年7月22日 星期日

英文(10)


No. 451
Because it was freezing outside,▁。
(A) so we decided to cancel the picnic
(B) howeverwe decide to cancel the picnic
(C) we decided to cancel the picnic
(D) so we decided not to go on the picnic
答:(C)
附屬連接詞Because引導一個副詞子句,用以表示「原因」,而主要子句則表示「結果」。
句構應避免「雙重連接」,亦即不可同時出現二個附屬連接詞。故(ABD)皆錯
結論Because it was freezing outsidewe decided to cancel the picnic(C)
因為外面天氣嚴寒,所以我們決定取消野餐。


No. 452
Although Susan was not the smartest in the class,▁。
(A) but she was the honor student
(B) but she being the honor student
(C) she was the honor student
(D) she being the honor student
答:(C)
句構應避免「雙重連接」,亦即不可同時出現二個附屬連接詞。故(AB)皆錯
she being the honor student。缺「動詞」。(D)
結論Although Susan was not the smartest in the classshe was the honor student(C)
雖然蘇珊不是班上最聰明的學生,但她是個榮譽學生。

No. 453
So disappointed that he abandoned himself to despairignoring the world he lived in
(A) the man was
(B) the man became
(C) was the man
(D) was the man become
答:(C)
so + adj / adv + that:如此 以致於。
而「so + adj」若置於句首,表示強調之意,必須倒裝。故(AB)不選
was the man become倒裝前為:the man was become,其結構為:S + be + p.p,為被動之意,不合題意。故(D)不選
結論So disappointed was the man that he abandoned himself to despairignoring the world he lived in(C)
他是如此的失望以致於把自己沈陷在絕望中,而且忽視他所生存的世界。

No. 454
John didn't buy anything,▁。
(A) and neither did I
(B) but neither did I
(C) and so did I
(D) but so did I
答:(A)
對等連接詞用以連接對等的單字、片語或子句。
因為前面為否定句,後面亦須有否定之意,方能對等。故(CD)不選
but用以連接「意義相反」的單字、片語或子句。不合題意。故(B)不選
結論John didn't buy anythingand neither did I。約翰沒買任何東西,我也沒買。(A)

No. 455
Icy the road wasMike drove very fast
(A) as
(B) for
(C) though
(D) while
答:(A)
Though the road was icy = As icy as the road was = Icy as the road was
結論Icy as the road wasMike drove very fast。雖然路面覆蓋著冰,但是麥克仍然開得非常快。(A)

No. 456
Get up early ▁。
(A) or you'll be on time for work
(B) and you'll be late for school
(C) and you'll catch the first bus
(D) but you'll be early for school
答:(C)
(ABD)語意皆不合故不選
結論Get up early and you'll catch the first bus。早一點起床,你才可以趕上第一班公車。(C)

No. 457
Terry is the only person ▁。
(A) that can help us
(B) that everybody likes him
(C) that he come and help
(D) that she will succeed this time
答:(A)
在選項(BCD)中,關係代名詞that既無法作主詞,又無法作受詞或補語。故(BCD)皆錯
若選項(B)去掉himTerry is the only person that everybody likes。則對。(that當受詞)
若選項(C)去掉heTerry is the only person that come and help。則對。(that當主詞)
若選項(D)去掉sheTerry is the only person that will succeed this time。則對。(that當主詞)
結論Terry is the only person that can help us。泰瑞是唯一能幫我們的人。(A)

No. 458
The creature in the novel is an alien language no one understands
(A) whom
(B) which
(C) that
(D) whose
答:(D)
alien外星人。
使用關係代名詞所有格的時機
(1) 有先行詞。
(2) 該關係代名詞所有格之後的名詞要作形容詞子句的主詞或受詞。
本題(1) 有先行詞 (an alien)(2) languageunderstands的受詞。故選關係代名詞所有格whose
結論The creature in the novel is an alien whose language no one understands(D)
小說裡的生物是個語言無人理解的外星人。

No. 459
Each boy and girl asked to bring a gift to the party
(A) were
(B) was
(C) have
(D) being
答:(B)
本題為被動語態,而且Each n. and n. + 單數動詞。故用was不用were
結論Each boy and girl was asked to bring a gift to the party(B)
每位男孩和女孩都被要求要帶禮物去參加聚會。

No. 460
The professor can give for any that wants to learn Japanese well
(A) many good advices
(B) many pieces of good advices
(C) many good pieces of advice
(D) a good deal of advices
答:(C)
advice為不可數名詞,沒有複數形advices。故(ABD)皆錯
結論The professor can give many good pieces of advice for any that wants to learn Japanese well(C)
教授可以給任何想學好日文的人很多則好的建議。

No. 461
Constructivism emerged as a prevailing paradigm only in the last part of ▁。
(A) the twenty century
(B) the twenty centuries
(C) the twentieth century
(D) the twentieth centuries
答:(C)
Constructivism:建構主義源自教育學,作為學習理論是為改進教學而提出的理論,主要的目的在於瞭解發展過程中的各式活動如何引發孩童的自主學習,以及在學習的過程中,教師當如何適當的扮演支持者的角色。
emerge:浮現;出現;出頭。The moon emerged from behind a cloud。月亮從雲層後面鑽了出來。
prevailing:佔優勢的;主要的。Yellow is the prevailing color in her room。黃色是她房間的主色。
paradigm:範例;典範。
序數詞:表示順序,是第多少的意思,如:first (第一)second (第二)third (第三)twentieth (第二十)等。
序數詞作主詞或受詞,前面一般有「定冠詞」:
The first is better than the second(作主詞)He was among the first to arrive(作介詞among受詞)
第二十世紀,只有一個,單數。因此,二十世紀 = the twentieth century
結論Constructivism emerged as a prevailing paradigm only in the last part of the twentieth century(C)
建構主義在二十世紀末才成為主流的派別。

No. 462
There is English book on the desk
(A) a
(B) an
(C) the
(D) x
答:(B)
母音前不定冠詞用「an」。
結論There is an English book on the desk。桌上有本英文書。(B)

No. 463
Look at on that treeThey are very large
(A) apple
(B) the apples
(C) apples
(D) an apple
答:(B)
定冠詞置於複數普通名詞apples之前,有限定的作用,特指那棵樹上的蘋果。
結論Look at the apples on that treeThey are very large。瞧那裸樹上的頻果!它們都很碩大。(B)

No. 464
The bicycle is of transport
(A) means
(B) a means
(C) mean
(D) a mean
答:(B)
means:名詞。手段;方法;工具。The move is a means to fight crime。採取這項舉措是為了打擊犯罪。
means單複數同形。
不定冠詞 (a an) one同義。當某名詞第一次出現,對聽者來說是陌生的 (不知道說話者指的是何物),或者眾多事物之其中一個 (不確定哪一個),我們會使用a / an
本題,因交通工具為數眾多 (車、船、飛機、…),為了表明「自行車」只是為數眾多的交通工具中的「其中一種」,因此,必須置不定冠詞a = one於名詞之前,方能正確表達句子的含意。
結論The bicycle is a means of transport。自行車是一種交通工具。(B)

No. 465
The police to interview John about a robbery
(A) wants
(B) has wanted
(C) want
(D) is wanting
答:(C)
單數普通名詞前置「定冠詞」,表該類名詞的全體。
the police用於「警方、警察當局」解時,視為「複數」,指某一地區的全體警察或警察當局。因此,本題用第三人稱複數動詞的「want」而不用第三人稱單數動詞的「wants」。
結論The police want to interview John about a robbery。警方打算為一宗搶劫案約談約翰。(C)

No. 466
I want to cut this piece of materialI need ▁。
(A) a scissors
(B) a scissor
(C) scissor
(D) a pair of scissors
答:(D)
scissors:剪刀。單複數同形。
剪刀係由「兩部分形成的」「缺一不可」。因此,用「a pair of scissors」而非「a scissors」。
結論I want to cut this piece of materialI need a pair of scissors。我想剪下這片料子。我需要一把剪刀。(D)

No. 467
None but deserve the fair
(A) the brave
(B) a brave
(C) brave
(D) braves
答:(A)
the fair【舊】女人;美女。
定冠詞置於普通名詞brave之前,有限定的作用。英雄才得配美人。其中「才得 」就是表示「限定」之意。
結論None but the brave deserve the fair[諺語] 英雄才得配美人。(A)

No. 468
"What is your nationality” “I am ▁。
(A) the American
(B) an American
(C) America
(D) Americans
答:(B)
nationality國籍。He is of British nationality. 他是英國籍。
America美國。
American美國人。單數:an American。複數:Americans
the Americans:全體美國人。
結論"What is your nationality” “I am an American。「你的國籍是什麼?「我是個美國人。故(B)

No. 469
My younger brother likes to go riding with his friends
(A) a bicycle
(B) his bicycle
(C) bicycle
(D) the bicycle
答:(C)
go + 動名詞 = 去做某事。例如:go shopping (去購物)go dancing (去跳舞)go climbing (去爬山)
go cycling (騎自行車) = go bicycle riding
其中bicycle為名詞當形容詞用,去修飾後面的名詞riding (騎馬;乘車)不需加冠詞
結論My younger brother likes to go bicycle riding with his friends(C)
我弟弟喜歡和朋友們一起騎自行車。

No. 470
He plays every afternoon
(A) a basketball
(B) basketball
(C) the basketball
(D) basketballs
答:(B)
play 和球類名詞之間,不用冠詞
結論He plays basketball every afternoon。他每天下午打籃球。(B)

No. 471
Mr. Wang has one son and two daughtersand is now working
(A) a son
(B) son
(C) one son
(D) the son
答:(D)
前已提過的名詞,再度提到時,前面需置定冠詞。
結論Mr. Wang has one son and two daughtersand the son is now working(D)
王先生有一子二女,兒子已在工作。

No. 472
Martin Luther King. Jr. was a black Christian minister who led the Civil Rights Movement in for recognition of civil rights for black Americans
(A) 1960s
(B) 1960's
(C) the 1960
(D) the 1960s
答:(D)
年代之前加定冠詞。例如:the 1960sthe 60’s
結論
Martin Luther King. Jr. was a black Christian minister who led the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s for recognition of civil rights for black Americans(D)
基督教黑人牧師馬丁路德‧金恩在1960年代領導民權運動,為美國黑人爭取民權。

No. 473
Peter likes to play ▁。
(A) a tennis
(B) an tennis
(C) tennis
(D) the tennis
答:(C)
play 和球類名詞之間,不用冠詞
結論Peter likes to play tennis。彼得喜歡打網球。(C)

No. 474
Did you read book that I recommended to you
(A) the
(B) a
(C) an
(D) which
答:(A)
定冠詞置於普通名詞book之前,有限定的作用,特指我推薦給你的那本書;而非其他別的書。
結論Did you read the book that I recommended to you?你讀過我推薦給你的那本書嗎?(A)

No. 475
Rome was not built in day
(A) an
(B) two
(C) a
(D) three
答:(C)
不定冠詞a = one
結論Rome was not built in a day[諺語] 羅馬 (偉業) 不是一天造成的;大器晚成。(C)

No. 476
Paul plays ▁。
(A) violin
(B) the violin
(C) violins
(D) which violin
答:(B)
play (彈奏;吹奏) 與樂器名詞violin之間要有定冠詞。
結論Paul plays the violin。保羅拉小提琴。(B)

No. 477
We were hurry to leave
(A) in
(B) in a
(C) a in
(D) with a
答:(B)
in a hurry:為不定冠詞慣用語。匆忙地。You will make mistakes if you do things in a hurry。做事匆忙,就會出錯。
結論We were in a hurry to leave。我們匆忙地離開。(B)

No. 478
They were walking arm arm in the park
(A) by
(B) to
(C) in
(D) with
答:(C)
arm in arm臂挽臂地。They went off arm in arm。他們臂挽臂地走了。
兩個相對的名詞並用時,不用冠詞。
結論They were walking arm in arm in the park。他們在這公園中臂挽著臂地走著。(C)

No. 479
as she is she talks as if she were an adult
(A) Child a
(B) Children
(C) Child
(D) A child
答:(C)
從屬連接詞as 作「雖然」解時,as前面的名詞不用冠詞。
Though she is child = As child as she is = Child as she is
結論Child as she is she talks as if she were an adult。雖然她是小孩,她講話好像是個大人。(C)

No. 480
Lily doesn't speak ▁。
(A) the Chinese
(B) the China
(C) Chinese language
(D) the Chinese language
答:(D)
語言名詞之後有 language 此字時,前要置定冠詞。
結論Lily doesn't speak the Chinese language= Lily doesn't speak Chinese。莉莉不會說中文。(D)

No. 481
I the car two months ago
(A) let
(B) get
(C) got
(D) dot
答:(C)
got the car = bought the car
two months ago 過去式。
結論I the car two months ago。我二個月前買的車。(C)

No. 482
They are cookies
(A) drinking
(B) making
(C) cooking
(D) boiling
答:(B)
make cookies (作餅乾)make dinner (作晚餐)make coffee (煮咖啡)make tea (泡茶)
結論They are making cookies。他們正在作餅乾。(B)

No. 483
Somebody has his wallet
(A) steal
(B) stolen
(C) stole
(D) spent
答:(B)
steal (現在式) stole (過去式) stolen (過去分詞)
steal one’s wallet:偷某人的皮包。
have / has + 過去分詞,形成「現在完成式」,表示到現在為止已完成的動作。
結論Somebody has stolen his wallet。有人偷了他的皮包。(B)

No. 484
The police have the thief
(A) caught
(B) bought
(C) taught
(D) fought
答:(A)
catch (現在式) caught (過去式) caught (過去分詞)抓到
buy (現在式) bought (過去式) bought (過去分詞)
teach (現在式) taught (過去式) taught (過去分詞)
fight (現在式) fought (過去式) fought (過去分詞)打架
have / has + 過去分詞,形成「現在完成式」,表示到現在為止已完成的動作。
結論The police have caught the thief。警察已經抓到小偷。(A)

No. 485
Can you a horse
(A) drive
(B) sit
(C) ride
(D) sail
答:(C)
drive a car:開車。ride a horse騎馬sail a boat駕船
結論Can you ride a horse?你會騎馬嗎?(C)

No. 486
My heart fast after running
(A) beat
(B) beating
(C) beats
(D) beaten
答:(C)
動詞變化:beatbeatbeatenbeating
本題為第三人稱單數動詞,故選beats
結論My heart beats fast after running。跑步後我的心臟跳得很快。(C)

No. 487
His shirt got by the banch of a tree
(A) worn
(B) torn
(C) woven
(D) broken
答:(B)
動詞變化 (動詞三態)
wearworeworn:穿。
teartoretorn:撕裂。
weavewovewoven:織。
breakbrokebroken:打破。
英語被動語態的構成通常是:“Be + Passive”。但“Get + Passive” 也可以構成被動語態,用這種結構的句子側重於動作的結果而不是動作本身。如:The man got hurt on his way home。那個男人在回家的路上受傷了How did the glass get broken?杯子怎麼破了
結論His shirt got torn by the banch of a tree。他的襯衫被樹枝扯破了。(B)

No. 488
The dog a boy yesterday
(A) fed
(B) bit
(C) bid
(D) hid
答:(B)
feedfedfed:餵食。
bitebitbitbitten:咬。
bidbidbidden:出價。
hidehidhidden:躲藏。
結論The dog bit a boy yesterday。昨天這隻狗咬了一個男孩。(B)

No. 489
The door was open by the wind
(A) blown
(B) flown
(C) shut
(D) locked
答:(A)
blowblewblown
flyflewflown
shutshutshut
locklockedlocked上鎖
結論The door was blown open by the wind。門被風吹開了。(A)

No. 490
Sherry her clothes in the suitcase
(A) pulled
(B) picked
(C) packed
(D) load
答:(C)
pull:拉。pick:採;摘。pack:包;捆。load:裝載。
結論Sherry packed her clothes in the suitcase。雪瑞把衣服裝到行李箱打包。(C)

No. 491
The ship is into the sea
(A) drowning
(B) drinking
(C) sinking
(D) swinging
答:(C)
drown:淹溺。pick:喝。sink下沈swing:搖擺。
結論The ship is sinking into the sea。船正在下沈到海裡去。(C)

No. 492
You may the jeans before you decide to buy them
(A) pack up
(B) send off
(C) pay back
(D) try on
答:(D)
pack up:整理行裝。Do you need me to help you pack up?你需要我幫你整理行裝嗎?
send off:寄出。He sent off copies to various people。他將稿件寄給不同的人。
pay back:還錢。I'll work my fingers to the bone till I pay back all my debts。我要拼命地工作直到把借款還清。
try on試穿。
結論You may try on the jeans before you decide to buy them在你決定買下牛仔褲之前可以先試穿。故(D)

No. 493
People like to ask children what they want to be when they ▁。
(A) get up
(B) grow up
(C) give up
(D) wake up
答:(B)
get up試穿。grow up長大。give up放棄。wake up醒來。
結論People like to ask children what they want to be when they grow up(B)
人們很喜歡問小孩子他們長大要做什麼?

No. 494
Remember to the light before you leave the room
(A) take off
(B) tear off
(C) turn off
(D) close up
答:(C)
take off脫掉(衣服)tear off撕掉。turn off關掉(電器電源)close up關閉(門窗、店面)
結論Remember to turn off the light before you leave the room。離開房間前記得把燈關掉。(C)

No. 495
Be careful when you cross the street。▁ for speeding cars
(A) Watch out
(B) Find out
(C) Figure out
(D) Put out
答:(A)
Watch out小心。Find out找出。Figure out想出。Put out撲滅。
結論Be careful when you cross the streetWatch out for speeding cars過馬路時要小心。注意超速的車輛。故(A)

No. 496
The bus driver is waiting with patience for the old man to ▁。
(A) get off
(B) shut off
(C) take off
(D) call off
答:(A)
get off下車。shut off關掉。take off(飛機) 起飛。call off取消。
結論The bus driver is waiting with patience for the old man to get off公車司機耐心地等著老人下車。故(A)

No. 497
I Tom in the street todayHe was with his girlfriend
(A) ran down
(B) ran into
(C) ran out
(D) ran in
答:(B)
ran down耗盡(電力)(價錢)下跌。ran into巧遇。ran out用光(庫存)ran in順道拜訪。
結論I ran into Tom in the street todayHe was with his girlfriend(B)
我今天在街上巧遇湯姆。他和他的女朋友在一起。

No. 498
I don’t believe himI think the story was ▁。
(A) made up
(B) spoken up
(C) read out
(D) crossed out
答:(A)
made up捏造spoken up大聲說。read out朗讀。crossed out刪除。
結論I don’t believe himI think the story was made up。我不相信他。我想事情一定是他捏造的。(A)

No. 499
After you make a wish,▁ the candles and then cut up the cake
(A) turn off
(B) blow out
(C) hand over
(D) put on
答:(B)
turn off關掉(電器電源)blow out吹熄。hand over交出。put on穿上(衣服)
結論After you make a wishblow out the candles and then cut up the cake(B)
你許了願之後,吹熄蠟燭,然後切蛋糕。

No. 500
We’re running out of gasolineWe need to the car
(A) wax
(B) wash
(C) fill up
(D) repair
答:(C)
wax打蠟。wash洗。fill up(給汽車)加滿油。repair修理。
結論We’re running out of gasolineWe need to fill up the car。車子快沒油了。我們得去加油。(C)

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