2012年7月19日 星期四

英文(8)


No. 351
He is by no means a rich manbut he is to friends
(A) general
(B) generous
(C) mean
(D) self-centered
答:(B)
means:方法。
by means of:藉一些方法或途徑去完成某些事情。例如:
用唱歌示愛:to express love by means of a song。用努力爭取成功:They succeeded by means of hard working
by all means:盡一切辦法去做去完成。例如:
We have to finish our task by all means。我們必須竭盡所能完成任務。
You must borrow the money by all means。你一定要想盡辦法借到錢。
by all means 的另一個引伸意思是:當然 ( sure )。例如:
ACan you hold this for meBBy all means(sure)
by no means:盡力不做 / 絕不做。例如:
I will by no means consent。絕不同意。It is by no means easy to satisfy everyone。要滿足每一個人絕非易事。
general:普遍的。generous:慷慨的。mean:吝嗇的。self-centered:以自我為中心的。
結論
He is by no means a rich manbut he is generous to friends。他絕不是一位富有的人,但是他對朋友很慷慨。(B)


No. 352
She would by no means marry herself
(A) before
(B) after
(C) beneath
(D) below
答:(C)
by no means:絕不;絕非。例如:It is by no means easy to satisfy everyone。要滿足每一個人絕非易事。
beneath (介詞):與...不相稱 (或不值得)He considered that job beneath him。他認為做那個工作有失他的身分。
結論She would by no means marry beneath herself。她絕不會嫁給一個配不上她的人。(C)

No. 353
Stop yelling himHe didn’t do anything wrong
(A) to
(B) for
(C) at
(D) against
答:(C)
yell at:對某人吼叫。I'm sorry I yelled at you last night。很抱歉昨天晚上我沖著你大吼大叫的。
yell at = shout at:對某人吼叫。laugh at:嘲笑某人。point at:指著某人。
結論Stop yelling at himHe didn’t do anything wrong。停止對他吼叫,他沒有做錯任何事。(C)

No. 354
John is attentive whenever he is work
(A) on
(B) in
(C) over
(D) at
答:(D)
attentive:專心的。She is attentive to her studies。她學習很專心。
whenever:無論何時;每當。
at與下列名詞並用,表「從事某活動」:
be at work:上班;做事。Selena is at work nowdon’t bother her。莎琳娜正在工作,不要打擾她。
be at church:做禮拜。be at school:上學。be at rest:休息。
結論John is attentive whenever he is at work。約翰工作時很專心。(D)

No. 355
John left home the age of 18 and didn’t come back untill he was fifty
(A) at
(B) for
(C) in
(D) on
答:(A)
at與年齡有關的名詞並用,表「在歲數時」:
at the age of +年齡Sandy had her first child at the age of 32。珊蒂在32歲時生了第一個小孩。
結論
John left home at the age of 18 and didn’t come back untill he was fifty(A)
約翰在18歲離開家,再也沒有回來,直到他五十歲。

No. 356
Never judge a book its cover
(A) to
(B) by
(C) on
(D) at
答:(B)
judge A by B:藉由B來判斷Atell A by B:藉由B知道是A
結論Never judge a book by its cover。絕不藉其封面來評鑑一本書。(B)

No. 357
TomAre you free tonightCathy:▁。TomToo badI was thinking maybe we could go see a movie tonight.
(A) NoI will not
(B) YesI can
(C) Of courseI have
(D) NoI am not
答:(D)
Are you free tonight你今晚有空嗎?
肯定性回答(1) I think so(2) I think I'm free tonight
否定性回答NoI am not
結論CathyNoI am not(D)

No. 358
WomanMay I speak to Mr. SmithMan:▁。WomanNever mindI will call him again later this afternoon
(A) He's not inMay I take a message?。
(B) Noyou cannot
(C) Yesyou may come again
(D) Don't call early in the morning
答:(A)
QuestionMay I speak to Mr. Smith
Answer
(1) Sorryhe is not inWho is ( that)
(2) He's not inMay I take a message (for him)他不在,我可以幫你留個口信嗎?(他不在,需要留話嗎?)
結論ManHe's not inMay I take a message(A)

No. 359
NicoleDo you have any plans for tomorrowAlisonAlison ▁。NicoleLet's go shopping
(A) Noit's not going to rain tomorrow
(B) NoI'm not doing anything special
(C) YesI'm going to the movie with Tom
(D) YesI'm going south to visit my aunt
答:(B)
結論
由後段NicoleLet's go shopping!知:Alison明天沒有特別的計畫。故(CD)不選
由前段NicoleDo you have any plans for tomorrowAlison?知:Nicole問「計畫」而非「天氣」。故(A)不選
AlisonNoI'm not doing anything special(B)

No. 360
TomI'm going to take a singing classDo you want to take it with mePenny:▁。TomReallySing a song for me now
(A) A dancing classThat's great
(B) I don't need a classI can sing very well already
(C) I have a headache
(D) It sounds interesting
答:(B)
結論
由後段TomReallySing a song for me now。知:PennyI don't need a classI can sing very well already(B)

No. 361
KenOh myClaire:▁。KenMy headache is killing me
(A) It's a shame
(B) What's the matter
(C) How about yours
(D) Don't get me wrong
答:(B)
KenOh my(天啊!)
ClaireWhat's the matter(怎麼了?)(B)
KenMy headache is killing me(我被頭痛折磨死了。)

No. 362
He took me the hand and said”I love you.”
(A) by
(B) on
(C) in
(D) with
答:(A)
catch / grab / grasp / hold / seize / take + + 身體部位或衣物的部分:抓住某人的
I caught him by the hand() I caught him by his hand(×)
結論He took me by the hand and said”I love you.” (A)

No. 363
We beat the team five points
(A) with
(B) for
(C) over
(D) by
答:(D)
by 亦表「差距」之意。例如:She is older than I by five years。她比我大5歲。
結論We beat the team by five points。我們以5分擊敗對手。(D)

No. 364
When did they set out Hawaii
(A) to
(B) for
(C) on
(D) over
答:(B)
set out / set off / depart + for + 地點:動身前往某地。
例如In the morning Mr McDonald departed for Sydney。麥克唐納先生上午啟程前往雪梨。
結論When did they set out for Hawaii?他們何時動身前往夏威夷(B)

No. 365
Quit smoking now the sake of your health
(A) with
(B) for
(C) at
(D) by
答:(B)
quit:放棄 [+ v-ing]He has quit smoking。他已戒了煙。
sake:目的;理由;緣故;利益。John did it for his own sake。約翰為了自身的利益而做這事情。
for the sake of …:為了的緣故。
結論Quit smoking now for the sake of your health。為您的健康著想,馬上戒菸吧。(B)

No. 366
John wears his hair longso people often take him a girl
(A) as
(B) for
(C) at
(D) by
答:(B)
wear(將鬍鬚,頭髮) 留成 ... 的樣子。She wears her hair long。她留長髮。
take A for B() A當作B
結論
John wears his hair longso people often take him for a girl。約翰留長髮,所以人們常常把他當作女孩。(B)

No. 367
Tell the doctor you all nightand he’ll give you some medicine
(A) caught
(B) chatted
(C) coughed
(D) clapped
答:(C)
caughtcatch的過去式、過去分詞。抓到Where did you catch the fish        這條魚你在哪兒抓的?
chattedchat的過去式、過去分詞。聊天They chatted about the film shown last night. 他們閒聊著昨夜放的電影。
coughedcough的過去式、過去分詞。咳嗽
clappedclap的過去式、過去分詞。拍手The men danced and the women clapped。男人們跳舞,女人們拍手。
結論
Tell the doctor you coughed all nightand he’ll give you some medicine(C)
跟醫生說你咳了整晚,他會開一些藥給你。

No. 368
Do you really want her a handRick
(A) giving
(B) give
(C) to give
(D) given
答:(C)
give … a hand:給某人幫助。
表「意願、盼望、喜愛」「決心、企圖」的及物動詞,其受詞接「不定詞」,此類動詞常見的有:wantwishhopedesireintendtrydeterminedecideattemptlikeloveexpect等。
結論Do you really want to give her a handRick?你真的想要幫她忙,里克?(C)

No. 369
I enjoyed these books very much
(A) reading
(B) to read
(C) to reading
(D) for reading
答:(A)
enjoy後接動名詞作受詞。:習慣用法,沒有理由,只能強記。這種動詞還有:finish / keep / practice等。
He didn't finish drawing yesterday。他昨天並沒有完成畫圖。
You have to keep reading English stories。你必須持續地閱讀英文故事。
They practice playing tennis every day。他們每天練習打網球。
結論I enjoyed reading these books very much。我很喜歡讀這些書。(A)

No. 370
Don't give upI believe you can make it if you keep ▁。
(A) try
(B) to try
(C) tried
(D) trying
答:(D)
keep後接動名詞作受詞。:習慣用法,沒有理由,只能強記。
結論Don't give upI believe you can make it if you keep trying(D)
不要放棄。如果你繼續努力,我相信你一定作的到。

No. 371
After ten-minute discussionthey decided along that road to that town
(A) going
(B) to go
(C) go
(D) went
答:(B)
表「意願、盼望、喜愛」「決心、企圖」的及物動詞,其受詞接「不定詞」,此類動詞常見的有:wantwishhopedesireintendtrydeterminedecideattemptlikeloveexpect等。
結論After ten-minute discussionthey decided to go along that road to that town(B)
經過十分鐘的討論之後,他們決定沿著那條路到鎮上。

No. 372
Most students are afraid of English with Americans
(A) speaking
(B) to speak
(C) speak
(D) tell
答:(A)
介詞之後必接動名詞
結論Most students are afraid of speaking English with Americans大多數學生都害怕與美國人講英語。故(A)

No. 373
hard or you can't win the game
(A) Swim
(B) Swimming
(C) To swim
(D) To swiming
答:(A)
向對方下達命令,或要求、請求對方做某個動作,通常都會伴隨著 please 或人名等,動詞須用原形動詞
結論Swim hard or you can't win the game。努力拼命地游,否則贏不了比賽。故(A)

No. 374
the earthwe have to plant more trees
(A) Save
(B) Saving
(C) To save
(D) For save
答:(C)
不定詞放在句首,當主詞用,表「目的」。
結論To save the earthwe have to plant more trees。為了拯救地球,我們要種更多的樹。(C)

No. 375
the carplease
(A) Wash
(B) Washing
(C) To wash
(D) Washed
答:(A)
向對方下達命令,或要求、請求對方做某個動作,通常都會伴隨著 please 或人名等,動詞須用原形動詞
結論Wash the carplease。請洗這部車。故(A)

No. 376
Don' t believe Kelly saysShe is a liar
(A) that
(B) who
(C) what
(D) which
答:(C)
複合關係代名詞 = 先行詞 + 關係代名詞。例如:
I don't believe the words which he said= I don't believe what he said
本題沒有先行詞,故用複合關係代名詞 what。此時what引導名詞子句當作believe的受詞。
結論Don' t believe what Kelly saysShe is a liar。千萬不要相信凱利說的話,她是個騙子。(C)

No. 377
Jane said is very clearThere' s no need to ask her again
(A) It
(B) That
(C) What
(D) Which
答:(C)
本題沒有先行詞,故用複合關係代名詞 what。此時what引導名詞子句當作said的受詞。
結論
What Jane said is very clearThere' s no need to ask her again。珍說得非常清楚,沒有必要再去問她了。(C)

No. 378
knows the truth will tell you about it
(A) Who that
(B) Whoever
(C) Whom that
(D) That who
答:(B)
本題沒有先行詞,故不能用關係代名詞。
本題沒有先行詞,故用複合關係代名詞 whoeverwhomever
因空格為動詞knows的主詞,故用主格whoever
whoever = anybody who
結論Whoever knows the truth will tell you about it。任何一個知道真相的人將會告訴你。(B)

No. 379
he said to youhe was not telling you the truth
(A) No matter
(B) No matter how
(C) No matter what
(D) No matter why
答:(C)
whatever亦可作副詞連接詞,此時,whatever anything which;而是whatever = no matter what (不論什麼)
值得注意的是whatever = no matter what,作副詞連接詞時,所引導的副詞子句與主要子句中間要有逗點相隔。
結論
No matter what he said to youhe was not telling you the truth。不管他對你說什麼,他都沒告訴你實情。(C)

No. 380
Not only his wife a diamond ringbut he bought her an expensive new car
(A) did he give
(B) he gave
(C) does he give
(D) he gives
答:(A)
Not only … but (also):其意為:「不僅 而且」。本片語可連接對等的單字、片語或子句。
本片語亦可連接對等的主要子句,但由於Not only置於句首,第一個主要子句要倒裝,第二個主要子句不需倒裝,但also一定要省略。
he give not only,因give為一般動詞且時態為過去式 (bought),故倒裝成:Not only did he give
結論Not only did he give his wife a diamond ringbut he bought her an expensive new car(A)
他不但給他太太一顆鑽石戒指,而且還買了一輛昂貴的新車給她。

No. 381
Write down your home number and your number at the office
(A) both
(B) either
(C) not only
(D) neither
答:(A)
your home number」和「your number at the office」用對等連接詞「both … and …」連接。
結論Write down both your home number and your number at the office(A)
把你家裡和辦公室的電話號碼寫下來。

No. 382
Neither the teacher nor the students at school yesterday
(A) was
(B) wasn't
(C) were
(D) weren't
答:(C)
neither … nor:既非 亦非。
對等連接詞nor,連接主詞時,動詞要隨「最近的主詞」做單複數變化。
:「最近的主詞」為「the students」為複數且為過去式 (yesterday),故選were
結論Neither the teacher nor the students were at school yesterday昨晚老師和學生都不在學校。故(C)

No. 383
you try hardyou will succeed
(A) Whether
(B) If
(C) However
(D) Unless
答:(B)
依題意要選表示「條件」的從屬連接詞引領副詞子句。故(AC)不選
Unless you try hardyou will succeed除非你努力嘗試,否則你將會成功。語意不通。故(D)不選
結論If you try hardyou will succeed。假如你努力嘗試,你將會成功。(B)
:條件子句一定要用現在式,而主要子句用未來式If you try hardyou will succeed

No. 384
Mary is so beautiful many boys in my class like her
(A) because
(B) though
(C) that
(D) or
答:(C)
so … that:副詞連接詞,其意為:「如此 以致於」。
結論Mary is so beautiful that many boys in my class like her(C)
瑪莉如此漂亮以致於班上有很多男生喜歡她。

No. 385
it was very coldneither Michael nor Andrew put on his coat
(A) However
(B) But
(C) Nevertheless
(D) Although
答:(D)
依題意,要選表「讓步」的從屬連接詞ThoughAlthough
結論Although it was very coldneither Michael nor Andrew put on his coat(D)
雖然天氣如此寒冷,但是麥克和安德魯都沒穿上外套。

No. 386
Ten thousand people have been given treatment at the clinic it was opened three years ago
(A) until
(B) since
(C) while
(D) when
答:(B)
since 用來表示某段時間的起點,常用於現在完成式,其意為:自...以來;從...至今。
現在完成式:用以表示「從過去某個時點開始」到現在為止,仍在繼續的動作或狀態。
since引導時間副詞子句時,該子句用過去式 (本題用被動語態),主要子句用現在完成式 (本題用被動語態)
結論Ten thousand people have been given treatment at the clinic since it was opened three years ago(B)
自從那家診所三年前開張以來,已經有一萬人曾接受治療。

No. 387
Jane was sweeping the floorI was washing the windows
(A) Which
(B) Who
(C) While
(D) Where
答:(C)
依題意要選表示「時間」的從屬連接詞來引領副詞子句,故選While。其意為:「當 」。
結論While Jane was sweeping the floorI was washing the windows當珍妮在掃地時,我正在洗窗戶。故(C)

No. 388
The man said to the woman“ I will meet you at the shop I saw you the first time
(A) that
(B) there
(C) in it
(D) where
答:(D)
(1) 有先行詞The shop
(2) 空格在 I saw you the first time。中,既無法作主詞,又無法作受詞或補語
不可用關係代名詞。
因此,關係代名詞之前一定要有介系詞。先行詞為The shop,故用介詞at,故空格應填入at which
關係副詞where = at which。用以修飾表地方的名詞。故空格應填入where
結論The man said to the woman“ I will meet you at the shop where I saw you the first time (D)
這男人對那婦女說:「我要和妳在我第一次看見妳的那家店碰面。」

No. 389
Everyone was talking I arrived
(A) after
(B) when
(C) for
(D) if
答:(B)
表示「時間」的從屬連接詞用when
結論Everyone was talking when I arrived。當我到達時,每個人都正在交談。(B)

No. 390
There's no annual fee you use the credit card at least ten times a year
(A) unless
(B) even if
(C) although
(D) provided that
答:(D)
unless:除非。(不合題意)
even if:即使;雖然。(不合題意)
although:雖然;儘管。(不合題意)
provided that = if(合題意)
結論There's no annual fee provided that you use the credit card at least ten times a year(D)
假若你一年至少使用信用卡十次,就沒有年費。

No. 391
Martha has moved to Kaohsiung for three yeas nowshe still misses the sight and sound of Hualien
(A) However
(B) Although
(C) Yet
(D) Nevertheless
答:(B)
However:然而;可是;不過(不合題意)
Yet:可是;卻;然而(不合題意)
Nevertheless:仍然;不過;然而(不合題意且為副詞)
Although:雖然。(合題意)
結論Although Martha has moved to Kaohsiung for three yeas nowshe still misses the sight and sound of Hualien
雖然瑪莎已搬到高雄三年了,但是她仍然懷念花蓮的景色和聲音。故(B)

No. 392
Mr. Chang came to work today he sprained his ankle last night
(A) despite
(B) because
(C) although
(D) unless
答:(C)
sprain:扭傷。Rosa fell and sprained her ankle。羅莎跌倒了,扭傷了足踝。
despite:不管;儘管。He went to work despite his illness. 儘管生病,他還是去工作。雖然despite符合語意,但despite是介詞,本題空格應填入「從屬連接詞」。故despite不選。
結論Mr. Chang came to work today although he sprained his ankle last night(C)
雖然張先生昨晚扭傷他的腳踝,但是他今天還是來工作。

No. 393
People suffering from anorexia are very skinny are convinced that they are overweight
(A) as if
(B) but
(C) or
(D) though
答:(B)
suffer from:因 (疾病) 而痛或不舒服。he often suffers from headaches. 她常常頭痛。
anorexia厭食症。
skinny:皮包骨的;極瘦的。He is tall and skinny。他高高的個子,長得極瘦。
convince:使確信;使信服。I was convinced that he knew the truth,我確信他知道事實。
as if:猶如;好似。She treats him as if he were a stranger。她待他如陌生人。
結論People suffering from anorexia are very skinny but are convinced that they are overweight(B)
罹患厭食症的人非常瘦,但卻堅信白己過重。

No. 394
The room is I cannot breath
(A) so stuffy
(B) so stuffy that
(C) that stuffy so
(D) quite stuffy
答:(B)
stuffy:通風不良的;窒息的;悶熱的。a stuffy room 空氣不流通的房間。
so … that:副詞連接詞,其意為:「如此 以致於」。
結論The room is so stuffy that I cannot breath。這房間是如此的通風不良以致於我無法呼吸。(B)

No. 395
Not only was he good at English at mathematics
(A) so
(B) as
(C) but also
(D) and also
答:(C)
Not only … but also:其意為:「不僅 而且」。本片語可連接對等的單字、片語或子句。
結論Not only was he good at English but also at mathematics。他不但精通英文而且也精通數學。(C)

No. 396
I came early because I wanted to see I could fix your broken tape recorder
(A) what
(B) how to
(C) which
(D) if
答:(D)
If 可作「是否」解I wonder if she is ill. 不知她是否病了。
結論I came early because I wanted to see if I could fix your broken tape recorder(D)
我來得早是因為我想看看也許我可以修復你壞掉的錄音機。

No. 397
▁,you are not going to meet the requirement
(A) If you work harder
(B) Since you work hard
(C) Unless you work harder
(D) As long as you work hard
答:(C)
If:如果。(不合題意)
Since:既然;因為;由於。(不合題意)
As long as:只要。(不合題意)
Unless:除非 否則 (合題意)
結論Unless you work harderyou are not going to meet the requirement(C)
除非你更努力工作,否則你將無法符合必要條件。

No. 398
The number of orders went up the prices were increased by 12 %
(A) when
(B) if
(C) because
(D) although
答:(D)
go up:上升。Prices have gone up again. 物價又上漲了。
依題意,要選表「讓步」的從屬連接詞although (雖然)
結論The number of orders went up although the prices were increased by 12 %(D)
雖然價格上漲了百分之十二,但訂單的數目還是增加了。

No. 399
PaulWhy are you in a hurryRob:▁。
(A) It was great talking to you
(B) Because I'm late for work
(C) No problem
(D) You can do it
答:(B)
結論PaulWhy are you in a hurryRobBecause I'm late for work(B)

No. 400
I have no my pay
(A) complaint about
(B) complain about
(C) complain to
(D) complaining
答:(A)
complain:動詞。complaint:名詞。
本題應選名詞
結論I have no complaint about my pay。我對我的報酬沒有抱怨。(A)

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