2012年7月21日 星期六

英文(9)


No. 401
What is your nationality” “ I am ▁。
(A) the American
(B) an American
(C) America
(D) Ameicans
答:(B)
nationality國籍。He is of British nationality. 他是英國籍。
America美國。
American美國人。單數:an American。複數:Americans
結論What is your nationality” “ I am an American「你的國籍是什麼?」「我是美國人。」故(B)


No. 402
Joe has some foreign friendstwo of whom are ▁。
(A) Germans
(B) Germen
(C) Germany
(D) Germens
答:(A)
Germany:德國。
German:德國人。單數:a German。複數:Germans
結論Joe has some foreign friendstwo of whom are Germans。喬有一些外國朋友,其中兩個是德國人。(A)

No. 403
Physics my best subject when I was in junior high school
(A) was
(B) were
(C) is
(D) are
答:(A)
第三人稱單數 (Physics),過去式( when I was):用was
結論Physics was my best subject when I was in junior high school(A)
當我就讀國中時,物理學是我最拿手的科目。

No. 404
A number of best-selling books and magazines on the shelf
(A) set
(B) sets
(C) is set
(D) are set
答:(D)
A number of一些。A number of people have left。一些人已走了。
best-selling:最暢銷的。
本題為「複數」「被動語態」。
結論A number of best-selling books and magazines are set on the shelf。一些暢銷書和雜誌被放在架子上。(D)

No. 405
There twelve lessons in this book
(A) has
(B) have
(C) is
(D) are
答:(D)
There be + S:表「有」。
本題為「複數 (twelve lessons)」。
結論There are twelve lessons in this book。這本書有12課。(D)

No. 406
Mrs. Lin has three sistersall of are happily married
(A) them
(B) that
(C) whom
(D) what
答:(C)
介詞後面用受格whom
結論Mrs. Lin has three sistersall of whom are happily married(C)
林太太有三個姊妹,她們全都快樂地結婚了。

No. 407
What gives away Aunt Hilda's age the wrinkles on her fingers
(A) is
(B) does
(C) takes
(D) has
答:(A)
give away洩露。His accent gave him away as a northerner。他的口音讓人聽出他是北方人。
wrinkle:皺紋。Her face was seamed with wrinkles。她臉上佈滿皺紋。
what 為複合關代引領名詞子句當主詞用,為第三人稱單數,故用is
結論What gives away Aunt Hilda's age is the wrinkles on her fingers(A)
洩露出希爾達姑媽年齡的是她手指上的皺紋。

No. 408
She had changed so much that one recognized her
(A) almost
(B) hardly
(C) no
(D) nearly
答:(C)
almosthardlynearly皆為副詞,不可修飾代名詞one。故(ABD)皆不選
so … that:副詞連接詞,其意為:「如此 以致於」。
no為形容詞可修飾代名詞oneno one = nobody
結論She had changed so much that no one recognized her。她已改變如此之多以致於無人認得出她來。(C)

No. 409
All the major news magazines feature the same story of Diana's self-made success on covers
(A) his
(B) her
(C) its
(D) their
答:(D)
feature(報紙等的) 特寫;特別報導;專欄。
The local newspaper ran a feature on child labor。地方報紙登載一篇有關童工的特寫。
self-made靠自己努力而成功的;白手起家的。
His father was a self-made millionaire。他的父親靠自己奮鬥成了百萬富翁。
本題為複數」「所有格」,故選their
結論All the major news magazines feature the same story of Diana's self-made success on their covers(D)
所有主要的新聞雜誌同樣都在他們的封面上特別登載了黛安娜靠自己成功的故事。

No. 410
It was because of this film Lee won four Oscar awardsincluding Best Foreign-language Film
(A) when
(B) which
(C) so
(D) that
答:(D)
為了「加強語氣」或「因主詞過長」,可用「It」作「虛主詞」放於句首,代替「真主詞」。而「真主詞」通常為that所引導的名詞子句
結論It was because of this film that Lee won four Oscar awardsincluding Best Foreign-language Film(D)
李安就是因為這部影片而贏得了包含最佳外語片的四座奧斯卡金像獎。

No. 411
There many people in front of the department store
(A) have
(B) has
(C) are
(D) is
答:(C)
There be + S:表「有」。
本題為「複數 (many people)」。
結論There are many people in front of the department store。百貨公司前有很多人。(C)

No. 412
Look! There's a worm still moving in the appleso safe to eat it
(A) the apple is
(B) its
(C) it's
(D) very
答:(C)
it 作虛主詞,代替後面的真主詞to eat it,真主詞為第三人稱單數,故選it’s = it is
結論Look! There's a worm still moving in the appleso it's safe to eat it(C)
看!蘋果裡還有隻蟲在動,所以吃它是安全的。

No. 413
The few people who know the answer include ▁。
(A) yourself and myself
(B) ourselves
(C) you and me
(D) you and I
答:(C)
include為及物動詞,後接受格,故選you and me
結論The few people who know the answer include you and me。知道答案的少數人中包括你和我。(C)

No. 414
Your opinion isn't very different ▁。
(A) than my
(B) than mine
(C) from mine
(D) from me
答:(C)
be different from:片語。其意為:「與 不同」。所有代名詞mine = my opinion
結論Your opinion isn't very different from mine。你的意見和我的非常不同。(C)

No. 415
The climate of Taiwan is milder than of Japan
(A) this
(B) that
(C) one
(D) it
答:(B)
指示代名詞that用來代替前面已說過的名詞The climate
結論The climate of Taiwan is milder than that of Japan。台灣的氣候比日本溫和。(B)

No. 416
The laws in one state states
(A) resembles all that in the other
(B) resembles those in all the other
(C) resemble that in all
(D) resemble those in all the other
答:(D)
resemblev.t。像;類似。She was not beautifulshe did not resemble her mother. 她不漂亮;她不像她的母親。
本題為複數 (The laws),故用複數動詞resemble。故(AB)不選
本題為複數 (The laws),題意為:「某一州的法律與所有其他州的 那些法律類似」,that表「那個」。故(C)不選
因此,用「those (那些)」來代替前面說過的指定名詞「The laws」,以避免重複。
結論The laws in one state resemble those in all the other states。某一州的法律與所有其他州的法律類似。(D)

No. 417
College students in Taiwan sleep less than because the former spend more hours playing computer games or chatting with friends online than the latter
(A) America
(B) those in America
(C) American colleges
(D) them in Ameica
答:(B)
用「those (那些)」來代替前面說過的指定複數名詞「College students」,以避免重複。
結論
College students in Taiwan sleep less than those in America because the former spend more hours playing computer games or chatting with friends online than the latter(B)
在台灣的大學生比美國的大學生睡得少,因為前者比後者花更多時間玩電腦遊戲或上網聊天。

No. 418
Not until Sam got home that he had lost his keys
(A) that he found
(B) he had found
(C) would he have found
(D) did he find
答:(D)
Not until:「直到 …」。Not until last week was the project in full blast。工程直到上星期才全部開工。
in full blast:全力以赴的;最有效率的;以最高的速度。
Not until置於句首,要用倒裝句。因find為一般動詞,要加助動詞,故倒裝為:助動詞 + 主詞 + 原動詞。
結論Not until Sam got home did he find that he had lost his keys。山姆回到家後才發現他遺失了他的鑰匙。(D)

No. 419
JohnOh, noI've forgot to bring my math assignment to school againBen:▁ What are we going to doMr. Sheffield will kill us this time
(A) Neither have I
(B) Neither do I
(C) So have I
(D) So you have
答:(C)
當說話人談到的是不同的人的時候,用完全倒裝。
ATom has finished his homework
BSo have I
當說話人談到的是相同的人的時候,用不完全倒裝。
AYou have finished your homework
BSo I have
So have I 表示“我也是”,So I have表示“我確實是這樣的”。
結論
JohnOh, noI've forgot to bring my math assignment to school againBenSo have I What are we going to doMr. Sheffield will kill us this time(C)
約翰:「哦!不!我又忘了帶數學作業到學校了!」:「我也忘了。我們怎麼辦?這次雪弗德先生將不會饒了我們。」

No. 420
ACan you play anything by MozartBI'm sonyOnly popWe don't play ▁。
(A) anything else
(B) something else
(C) nothing else
(D) any other
答:(A)
否定用any(BC)不選
any other缺少名詞,不能作為play的受詞。(D)不選
anything else其意為「任何其它的東西或事情」,本身就是名詞,可直接作play的受詞。
結論ACan you play anything by MozartBI'm sonyOnly popWe don't play anything else(A)
「你們會演奏莫札特的任何樂曲嗎?」「抱歉,我們只演奏流行音樂。我們不演奏任何其他樂曲。」

No. 421
Taiwan is divided into two zonesOne is tropical zone and is subtropical zone
(A) another one
(B) the other one
(C) other ones
(D) others
答:(B)
剛好兩個:限定的兩者用「One…;the other…」;非限定的兩者用「One…;another…」。
本題,剛好兩個,限定 (Taiwan兩個地帶)。故用the other one
結論Taiwan is divided into two zonesOne is tropical zone and the other one is subtropical zone(B)
台灣被分為兩個地帶。一個是熱帶,另一個是亞熱帶。


No. 422
When you don’t know the meaning of a new word,▁ the dictionary
(A) get into
(B) look up
(C) look at
(D) pick out
答:(B)
get into:進入。look up查閱look at:看著。pick out:選出。
結論When you don’t know the meaning of a new wordlook up the dictionary(B)
當你不知道某個新字的意義時,就查閱字典。

No. 423
PeterJoe has two sistersMaryGood. You can go out with one todayand with tomorrow
(A) another
(B) other
(C) the other
(D) the others
答:(C)
剛好兩個:限定的兩者用「One…;the other…」;非限定的兩者用「One…;another…」。
本題,剛好兩個,限定 (Joe兩個姊妹)。故用the other
結論PeterJoe has two sistersMaryGood. You can go out with one todayand with the other tomorrow(C)
彼得:「喬有兩個姊妹。」瑪莉:「那好,你今天可和一個出去,明天再和另一個出去。」

No. 424
Five students got lost in the mountains last monthTwo were foundand didn't come back
(A) the other
(B) others
(C) the others
(D) other
答:(C)
複數的「其他的人」,用the others
結論Five students got lost in the mountains last monthTwo were foundand the others didn't come back(C)
上個月有五個學生在山中走失了。其中兩個被找到了,但其他的人則並沒有回來。

No. 425
Once you lose your passportyou should immediately ▁。
(A) apply to another one
(B) apply to the other one
(C) apply for the other
(D) apply for another one
答:(D)
apply for:請求得到。He applied for the job。他申請取得這份工作。
限定的「另一個」用the other;非限定的「另一個」用another
申請另一本護照,此護照並非特定的一本,故用another
結論Once you lose your passportyou should immediately apply for another one(D)
一旦你遺失了護照,你應立刻申請另一本。

No. 426
John does not speak KoreanAnd neither ▁。
(A) Joe do
(B) do Joe
(C) Joe does
(D) does Joe
答:(D)
neither當副詞用時:
(1) nonotnever等連用,其意為「也不」。John can't swimNeither can I。約翰不會游泳。我也不會。
(2) 需倒裝:neither + 助動詞 + 主詞。
結論John does not speak KoreanAnd neither does Joe約翰不會說韓語,而且喬也不會。故(D)

No. 427
You can never tell ▁。
(A) what would Helen do next
(B) what will Helen do next
(C) what Helen will do next
(D) what is Helen doing next
答:(C)
tell後面用「疑問代名詞引導的名詞子句」作其受詞時,該「疑問代名詞引導的名詞子句」不可用「疑問句形式」,應用「直述句形式」,其句型為「疑代 + S + V」。
結論You can never tell what Helen will do next你無從判斷海倫下一步要做什麼。故(C)

No. 428
The device was so strange that nobody was certain its purpose was
(A) what
(B) how
(C) when
(D) where
答:(A)
so … that:副詞連接詞,其意為:「如此 以致於」。
what為疑問代名詞,代替事或物。
結論The device was so strange that nobody was certain what its purpose was(A)
這設計是如此的奇怪以致於沒人能確定它的用途是什麼。

No. 429
walk or chat together will be considered lovers and will be punished
(A) Those who
(B) Who
(C) Those whom
(D) The students
答:(A)
二個子句要用關係詞連接。故(D)不選
關係代名詞須有先行詞。故(B)不選
Those可作關係代名詞的先行詞。
空格須為主格。故(C)不選
結論Those who walk or chat together will be considered lovers and will be punished(A)
那些一起走或聊天的人將會被認為是情侶而被處罰。

No. 430
I have a friendChristopher,▁ I share some peculiar interests
(A) with who
(B) with which
(C) with that
(D) with whom
答:(D)
先行詞Christopher為人。故(B)不選
選項中皆有介詞with
介詞後,不可用代表主格的whothat作其受詞。故(AC)不選
介詞後,接受格。故選with whom
結論I have a friendChristopherwith whom I share some peculiar interests(D)
我有個朋友,克里斯多佛,我和他一起分享特殊的興趣。

No. 431
She is the lady I spoke
(A) about who
(B) about whom
(C) about which
(D) about that
答:(B)
先行詞the lady為人。故(C)不選
介詞後,不可用代表主格的whothat作其受詞。故(AD)不選
介詞後,接受格。故選about whom
結論She is the lady about whom I spoke她就是我跟你提到的那位女士。故(B)

No. 432
One hot daysome mice were playing in a forest a lion was resting
(A) which
(B) in which
(C) in that
(D) in where
答:(B)
(1) 有先行詞forest
(2) 空格在 a lion was resting中,既無法作主詞,又無法作受詞或補語
不可直接用關係代名詞。
因此,關係代名詞之前一定要有介系詞。先行詞forest,用介詞in,故空格應填入in which
結論One hot daysome mice were playing in a forest in which a lion was resting(B)
在某個炎熱的日子裡,有一些老鼠正在森林裡玩,而獅子也正在那個森林裡休息。

No. 433
I am sure that the changing of colors must be a beautiful spectacle I should never be tired
(A) that
(B) of which
(C) which
(D) in that
答:(B)
spectacle:景象;奇觀。
The display of fireworks on New Year's Eve was a fine spectacle。除夕燃放的煙火真是美妙的奇觀。
be tired of:表示厭煩某件事。
為了分析,句子調整如下:
I am sure that the changing of colors must be a beautiful spectacle I should never be tired of
(1) 有先行詞spectacle
(2) 空格在 I should never be tired of中作介詞of的受詞。故可用關係代名詞。
(3) 表事物用whichI am sure that the changing of colors must be a beautiful spectacle which I should never be tired of
(4) 因介詞需置於關係代名詞之前,故有如下之結論:
結論I am sure that the changing of colors must be a beautiful spectacle of which I should never be tired(B)
我確定顏色的變化必將是我永不感厭倦的美麗景象。

No. 434
The course was divided into three sessions,▁ was taught by a different instructor
(A) each of them
(B) it
(C) which
(D) each of which
答:(D)
二個子句要用關係代名詞連接。故(AB)不選
若選which表示先行詞為three sessions,但與其後之單數動詞 (was taught) 不能配合。故(C)不選
each視作單數,用單數動詞。加入each當關係代名詞的先行詞,才能配合其後之單數動詞。故選each of which
結論The course was divided into three sessionseach of which was taught by a different instructor(D)
這課程被劃分為三個授課時間,每一個授課時間由不同的講師授課。

No. 435
we need most is clean and fresh air
(A) since
(B) That
(C) That all
(D) What
答:(D)
that當及物動詞need的受詞,同時引導名詞子句 that we need most充當▁ is clean and fresh air的主詞。
that之前沒有先行詞,不能作關代,故需加入all作為that的先行詞。All that we need most is clean and fresh air
而,複合關係代名詞 what = 先行詞all + 關係代名詞that。故選what
結論What we need most is clean and fresh air。我們所最需要的東西是乾淨而新鮮的空氣。(D)

No. 436
With ▁,the adventurers succeeded in making a fire to warm themselves
(A) they could find
(B) which they could find
(C) that they could find
(D) what they could find
答:(D)
that當及物動詞find的受詞,同時引導名詞子句 that they could find充當with的受詞。
that之前沒有先行詞,不能作關代,故需加入the thing(s) 作為that的先行詞。
而,複合關係代名詞 what = 先行詞the thing(s) + 關係代名詞that。故選what they could find
結論With what they could findthe adventurers succeeded in making a fire to warm themselves(D)
這些冒險家成功地用他們所能找到的東西生火取暖。

No. 437
Implanted chips are to dogs ID cards are to people
(A) that
(B) while
(C) what
(D) when
答:(C)
implant植入。
比喻句型:「A is to B what C is to D。」:A之於B猶如C之於D
其中,what為複合關係代名詞。
結論Implanted chips are to dogs what ID cards are to people。植入晶片之於狗,猶如身分證之於人。(C)

No. 438
you think should go will he sent
(A) Whoever
(B) Whomever
(C) However
(D) What
答:(A)
you think should go。→ 空格應填入主詞,亦即,空格應填入名詞或代名詞。
為了分析方便,姑且將空格填入關係代名詞who,而關代作連接詞時應置於句前,故有:who you think should go
who充當關代,須有先行詞,姑且加入anybody充當關代who的先行詞。而有:
anybody who you think should go:此時,anybody who you think should go充當will he sent的主詞。
而,複合關係代名詞 Whoever = 先行詞anybody + 關係代名詞who。故選Whoever
結論Whoever you think should go will he sent。任何你認為該去的人都將被派去。(A)

No. 439
Don't throw your old clothes awayWe can donate them to needs them
(A) who
(B) whoever
(C) whomever
(D) whosever
答:(B)
donate … to:捐獻;捐贈。She donated her books to the library。她把自己的書捐贈給圖書館。
分析
(1) 動詞needs缺主詞,故空格應填入主詞,亦即,空格應填入名詞或代名詞。
(2) 為了分析方便,姑且將空格填入關係代名詞who,而關代作連接詞時應置於句前,故有:who needs them
(3) who充當關代,須有先行詞,姑且加入anybody充當關代who的先行詞。而有:anybody who needs them
(4) 而,複合關係代名詞 whoever = 先行詞anybody + 關係代名詞who。故選whoever
結論Don't throw your old clothes awayWe can donate them to whoever needs them(B)
不要把你的舊衣服丟棄。我們可以把它們捐給任何一位有需要的人。

No. 440
She told me her address,▁。
(A) that I have forgotten
(B) which I wrote down on the board
(C) I should have told you
(D) who I haven't seen for a long time
答:(B)
分析如下
(1) 二個子句須用關代連接。故(C)首先剔除
(2) 先行詞her address為「事物」,故表「人」的關代who不合。故(D)不選
(3) that雖亦可當關係代名詞,取代「whowhomwhich」,但使用時that之前不可有逗點介詞
(4) 本題,關代連接詞前有逗點。故(A)不選
結論She told me her addresswhich I wrote down on the board。她告訴我她的地址,我把它寫在板子上。(B)

No. 441
My hometown has changed that I could not recognize it
(A) such
(B) very little
(C) so much
(D) for
答:(C)
so + adj / adv + that:如此 以致於。
結論My hometown has changed so much that I could not recognize it(C)
我的家鄉改變如此之多以致於我無法認出來。

No. 442
Not only to report the accidentbut he also denied that he had been driving the car
(A) he failed
(B) did he fail
(C) was he failed
(D) has he failed
答:(B)
Not only … but also:其意為:「不僅 而且」。
Not only置於句首,該子句要倒裝。
he failed not only,因fail為一般動詞且時態為過去式 (denied),故倒裝成:Not only did he fail
結論Not only did he fail to report the accidentbut he also denied that he had been driving the car(B)
他不但沒報告這意外事故,而且還否認他曾開過那輛車。

No. 443
Slang as well as clothing styles from one generation to another
(A) change
(B) changes
(C) changing
(D) to change
答:(B)
slang:俚語;行話;黑話;粗話。Their conversation was full of slang。他們的談話充滿了俚語。
as well as:片語。其意為:「和」。
as well as做為主詞的連接詞時,動詞用單數。例如:John as well as I is your friend(連接主詞)
結論Slang as well as clothing styles changes from one generation to another俚語和衣服款式隨著世代而改變。故(B)。理由:as well as做為主詞的連接詞時,動詞用單數。

No. 444
but there were quite a few people there
(A) We thought the place would be empty
(B) We found the place was not small
(C) We guessed there might he many people
(D) We believe there must he some people
答:(A)
but連接二個子句,為前後「對比」之意。
後句為「很多人」,對比之下,前句應為「很少人或無人」,因此,只有(A)合乎題意。
結論We thought the place would be empty but there were quite a few people there(A)
我們原以為那個地方空著沒人,但卻有很多人在那兒。

No. 445
You'd better go to bed now,▁ you'11 get up late tomorrow morning
(A) or
(B) and
(C) in case
(D) unless
答:(A)
in case = if
andin caseunless皆與題意不符。故(BCD)皆不選
or連接兩個「相關但帶有因果關係」的對等單字、片語或子句。符合題意
結論You'd better go to bed nowor you'11 get up late tomorrow morning(A)
你最好現在就去睡覺,否則明天早上將會晚起。

No. 446
Jim is a very fine young manHe drinks smokes
(A) either / or
(B) neither / nor
(C) not only / but also
(D) doesn't / or
答:(B)
只有選項neither … nor:既不 亦不,合乎題意。
結論Jim is a very fine young manHe neither drinks nor smokes(B)
吉姆是一個非常優秀的年輕人。他既不抽菸也不喝酒。

No. 447
I have not seen Mr. Brown for a long timeNo one knows ▁。
(A) when will he come back
(B) what is his life like
(C) how he got the job
(D) where did he go
答:(C)
knows之後用名詞子句當受詞,該「疑問詞引導的名詞子句」不可用「疑問句形式」,應用「直述句形式」,其句型為「疑問詞 + S + V」。
結論I have not seen Mr. Brown for a long timeNo one knows how he got the job(C)
我已經很久沒看到布朗先生了。沒有人知道他是如何獲得那份工作的。

No. 448
Would you please tell me
(A) who is that man
(B) when did he come back
(C) whom the woman speak
(D) if she is doing fine
答:(D)
tell之後用名詞子句當受詞,該「疑問詞引導的名詞子句」不可用「疑問句形式」,應用「直述句形式」,其句型為「疑問詞 + S + V」。故(AB)不選
whom為受格,其前要有介詞to。故(C)不選
If當連接詞時,可作「是否」解。I wonder if she is ill. 不知她是否病了。
結論Would you please tell me if she is doing fine?請你告訴我她目前是否還好?(D)

No. 449
The new department store is advertised as a place you can find just about anything you might want to buy
(A) where
(B) which
(C) in there
(D) in that
答:(A)
(1) 有先行詞a place
(2) 空格在 you can find just about anything you might want to buy中,既無法作主詞,又無法作受詞或補語
不可直接用關係代名詞。
因此,關係代名詞之前一定要有介系詞。先行詞a place,用介詞in,故空格應填入in which
表地點的關係副詞where = in which故空格應填入where
結論
The new department store is advertised as a place where you can find just about anything you might want to buy(A)
這家新的百貨公司被宣傳成為一個你可找到任何你想買的東西的地方。

No. 450
The party has already started for twenty minutes。▁ he his wife has arrived
(A) Both … or
(B) Neither … nor
(C) Either … or
(D) Either … and
答:(B)
沒有「Both / or」「Either / and」這種相關連接詞。故(AD)不選
Either … or:非此即彼。His yawns suggested he was either tired or bored。他呵欠連天說明他不是疲倦,就是厭倦。
Either … or:非此即彼。不合乎題意。故(C)不選
只有選項neither … nor:既不 亦不,合乎題意。
結論The party has already started for twenty minutesNeither he nor his wife has arrived(B)
這聚會已開始二十分鐘了。他和他的妻子都還沒來。

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